Cognitive flexibility is the mental ability to switch easily between different concepts or tasks, adjust to changing situations, and consider multiple perspectives. It is a more general cognitive ability that is related to a range of different cognitive processes, including attention, working memory, and decision-making. In turn, it can be used as a tool that facilitates and enhances creative thinking by enabling individuals to shift between different perspectives and consider a wider range of possibilities.

Creativity, on the other hand, is a more specific type of thinking that involves generating new and original ideas, concepts, or solutions to problems, and combining or manipulating existing information in new ways. This report refers specifically to rule-based creativity, meaning the ability to find new solutions within given frames and without breaking rules that are set up.