One of the potential benefits of having low working memory capacity is enhanced creativity. Research suggests that individuals with low working memory capacity may be more likely to engage in creative thinking and problem-solving, as they are less likely to rely on their working memory and therefore be constrained by the limitations of it. This means they can be more likely to consider a wider range of possibilities.
Another potential benefit of having low working memory capacity is increased flexibility. Because they are less reliant on pre-existing mental models or routines, individuals with low working memory capacity may be better able to adapt to changing circumstances and environments. This flexibility may be particularly advantageous in dynamic or unpredictable situations.
Some research suggests that individuals with low working memory capacity may also be more socially adept than those with high working memory capacity. This may be because they are more focused on the social context and less distracted by internal mental processes, allowing them to read and respond to social cues more effectively.
Finally, in certain activities where quick and effective reactions are necessary, low working memory capacity may be an advantage as there is less processing of varying information. Sports can be an example of such an activity.